TPO75阅读真题+题目+答案下载:The Palaces of Minoan Crete
The palaces built by the Minoan people of Crete (an island in the eastern Mediterranean) between 1950 B.C. and 1450 B.C. were centers of power, both sacred and secular, with wealth based on the stores of agricultural produce from the fertile hinterland that they controlled. ⬛ What happened within them? ⬛ Presumably they were busy places. ⬛ The receipt, recording, and storage of goods brought in from the surrounding countryside must have been a major job, particularly at those tunes of the year when the corn was harvested, the olive ripe, or the wine newly made. ⬛ Administration of the goods and commodities leaving the storerooms for consumption in the palace, for use in the workshops, or for wider distribution must have taken place throughout the year. We may imagine the storage areas as busy by day, and probably carefully guarded at night.
1.All of the following are mentioned in paragraph 1 as specific activities that occurred within Minoan palaces EXCEPT
A the storing of incoming agricultural produce
B the distribution of goods to palace workshops
C the protection of goods in storerooms against theft
D quality inspections of goods made in workshops
The craft workers creating precious works in such materials as gold, Ivory, and semiprecious stones may well have been fulltime craft specialists, totally dependent on the palaces and working constantly within them, their products in demand both tor immediate use and possibly foe exchange quite far afield. Their raw materials were part of palatial wealth, and must have been kept under strict control. Similarly bronze workers, whose raw material would have been carefully recorded, no doubt worked close by. Pottery workshops seem to have been further afield, situated near the clay beds and fuel for the kilns (pottery ovens) rather than within palace confines, though their products could still have been largely or totally under palace control. The production of textiles was probably always an important palace-based activity, though we do not know in which rooms, precisely, spinning and weaving took place.
2.Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.
A Even though pottery workshops appeared to be located at a distance from the palace,their products may have been largely or totally under palace control.
B The palace had a lot more control over the production of pottery workshops than it did over other products, even though pottery workshops were located further afield.
C The palace controlled the products from factory workshops as well as their use of raw materials,even though the workshops were far away from the palace.
D Unlike other workshops, pottery workshops were located near sources of raw material and fuel rather than within the palace confines.
3.The word "precisely" in the passage is closest in meaning to
4.According to paragraph 2, what did craft workers using precious materials and textile workers have in common?
A They both worked within the palaces.
B They both usually kept careful records of the materials they used.
C They both shared workshops with bronze workers.
D They both made products that were immediately used or exchanged.